History of Carpets:
Carpet is a type of floor covering which consists of a piece of thick heavy fabric usually with nap or pile. Initially, these were constructed from wool, but now synthetic fibre is used because it’s less costly than wool. Carpet is a floor covering which covers the whole house, and it is made up in many colours by using differently dyed fibres. Apart from home, it can be used in industrial and commercial areas. Carpets have different types of price, ranging from expensive to cheap carpet.
Types of Carpets:
There are many kinds of carpets. Some of them are described below:
- Woven: This carpet is made on looms and the pile used is plush or Berber. This is also called cut and loops carpeting. Several coloured yarns are used, and many intricate designs can be made with this process.
- Needle Felt: More technologically advanced carpets are made through this process by intermingling and felting synthetic fibres. These carpets are very durable and are normally used in commercial areas such as hotels and restaurants.
- Knotted: This type is also known supplementary weft cut loop pile carpet. In 1970s shag carpets were popular. Kashmir carpets are also hand knotted. Two main knotting styles are symmetrical and asymmetrical. Peshawar and Lahore are the centres for hand-knotted carpets.
- Tufted: This is one of the most common methods of manufacturing carpets in domestic areas for the purpose of floor covering all over the world.
- Flatweave: This type of carpet is made by interlocking wrap and weft threads. Kinds of flat woven carpet include kilim, soumak and plain weave.
These types of carpets are not made on looms, not like woven carpets. These were constructed by royal and aristocratic women at home, but in the 16th century, it has to manufacture commercially. 3D flowers and many others could be made in the embroidered carpet.
Yarns used in making carpets:
Cost, durability, , ease of manufacture,appearance and quality are the factors considered when choosing the fibre. Natural and synthetic fibres are used. Main fibres used are nylon and polypropylene. Other fibres include:
- Wool and wool blends: This can be dyed easily and has outstanding durability when blended with synthetic fibres.
- Polyester: It has very good physical properties and is stain resistant
- Acrylic: It gives the appearance of wool but difficult to dye.
Cost of Carpets:
Price of carpet varies according to the fibre and styles. The average price ranges from Rs 700. Carpets made of polyesters are middle priced to buy and are durable while propylene carpets are the most expensive one. To buy a pocket-friendly carpet, you should avoid cut and loop carpets because these are the most expensive and not as durable as other styles.
The price of carpets may vary from style to style and the fibre used. Cheap carpets are also budget-friendly and can be used in homes easily.